Skip to content


🚧 The RaFD website is being developed. Downloads are not available at this moment.

Radboud Faces Database (RaFD)

RaFD is a set of pictures of 67 models (including Caucasian males and females, Caucasian children, both boys and girls, and Moroccan Dutch males) displaying 8 emotional expressions. The RaFD in an initiative of the Behavioural Science Institute of the Radboud University Nijmegen, which is located in Nijmegen (the Netherlands), and can be used freely for non-commercial scientific research by researchers who work for an officially accredited university. RaFD is a high quality faces database, which contains pictures of eight emotional expressions. Accordingly to the Facial Action Coding System, each model was trained to show the following expressions: Anger, disgust, fear, happiness, sadness, surprise, contempt, and neutral. Each emotion was shown with three different gaze directions and all pictures were taken from five camera angles simultaneously. More information about the database, including examples, can be found under the Overview button or in the validation paper. Additional online material (validation data) can be found here. In order to use the images from the database for your own research, you first have to request access here. After your e-mail address and personal information has been validated an administrator will handle the request. You will receive an e-mail as soon as your account has been approved by the administrator.


Please use the following reference when you cite RaFD: Langner, O., Dotsch, R., Bijlstra, G., Wigboldus, D.H.J., Hawk, S.T., & van Knippenberg, A. (2010). Presentation and validation of the Radboud Faces Database. Cognition & Emotion, 24(8), 1377—1388. DOI: 10.1080/02699930903485076

All rights reserved